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Chugoku has recently completed geological surveys at the site that have determined there has been no recent seismic activity in the area. Tohoku Electric Power Co planned to build the Namie-Odaka BWR nuclear power plant from 2017 at Namie town in Minami Souma city in the Fukushima prefecture on the east coast, but indefinitely deferred this project early in 2013. In September 2010 Tepco, Japan's biggest utility, said it planned to invest JPY 2.

Most of this capacity was to be nuclear. Early in 2011 Chubu Electric Co announced that it intended to build a new 3000-4000 MWe nuclear plant by 2030, with site and type to be decided. The Joyo experimental fast breeder reactor (FBR) has been operating successfully since it reached first criticality in 1977, and has accumulated a lot of technical data.

It is 140 MWt, and has been shut bayer aspirin complex since 2007 due to damage to some core components. The upper core structure had to be replaced, and this was completed in 2014.

See also information paper on Japan's Nuclear Fuel Cycle. The 280 MWe Bayer aspirin complex prototype FBR reactor started up in April bayer aspirin complex and was connected to the grid in August 1995, but a sodium leakage in its secondary heat transfer system during performance tests in December 1995 bayer aspirin complex that it was bayer aspirin complex down after only 205 days actual operation, until May 2010.

This was retrieved in June 2011 and replaced with a new one, allowing potential restart. It had three coolant loops, used MOX fuel, and produced 714 MWt, 280 MWe gross and 246 MWe net.

METI confirmed early in 2010 that Monju's seismic safety under new guidelines was adequate, and NSC approved its restart and operation for a three-year period, prior to "full operation" in 2014.

However, in November 2015 the NRA called for the ministry to find a new owner and operator for Monju, due to failure of safety checks. The JAEA responded to NRA officials, asserting: "No entities other than the JAEA can manage Monju. The Fukui governor reminded the panel that Monju was positioned in the national Strategic Energy Plan to become an international research base for studies on waste volume reduction, the mitigation of danger, and other improvements Cefotaxime (Cefotaxime for Injection)- Multum technologies related to nuclear non-proliferation.

The cabinet rejected a FY2016 budget request from MEXT for JPY 10 billion to prepare Monju for restart. In December 2016 the government confirmed plans to decommission it, despite Fukui local government being adamantly opposed to this.

This includes JPY 225 billion for maintenance, JPY135 billion for dismantling the plant and JPY15 billion for defuelling to mid-2022 and preparations for dismantling. Originally in 1960s the concept was to use fast breeder reactors (FBRs) burning MOX fuel, making Japan virtually independent regarding nuclear fuel.

But FBRs proved uneconomic in an era of abundant low-cost uranium, so development slowed and the MOX program shifted to thermal LWR reactors.

From 1961 to 1994 there was a strong commitment to FBRs, with PNC as the main agency. In 1967 FBR development was put forward as the main goal of the Japanese nuclear program, along with the ATR. In 1994 the FBR commercial timeline was pushed out to 2030, and in 2005 commercial FBRs were envisaged by 2050.

This evidently remains the plan: a demonstration breeder reactor of 500-750 MWe by 2025, and commercial 1500 MWe units by 2050. In 1999 JNC initiated a program to review promising concepts, define a development plan by 2005 and establish a system of FBR technology by 2015.

The parameters were: passive safety, economic competitiveness with LWR, efficient utilisation of resources inhibitor proton pump transuranics and depleted U), reduced wastes, proliferation resistance and versatility (include hydrogen production). Utilities were also bayer aspirin complex, with CREIPI bayer aspirin complex JAEA. Phase 2 of the JNC study focused on four basic reactor designs: sodium-cooled with MOX and metal fuels, helium-cooled with nitride and MOX fuels, lead-bismuth eutectic-cooled with nitride and metal fuels, bayer aspirin complex supercritical water-cooled with MOX fuel.

All involve closed fuel cycle, and three reprocessing routes were considered: advanced aqueous, oxide electrowinning and metal pyroprocessing (electrometallurgical refining). This work is linked with the Generation IV initiative, bayer aspirin complex Japan has been playing a leading role with sodium-cooled FBRs. Further aims are to commercialise and establish fast reactors as the international bayer aspirin complex, while achieving high levels of safety and economy at the same time.

In December bayer aspirin complex the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI) finalised an updated plan for developing domestic fast reactors and had it approved by relevant ministers. The plan calls for a new fast reactor to be in service by 2050, with its specifications to be decided about 2024. The future of collaboration on the French Astrid project will have bayer aspirin complex bearing on this. Some work has been done by JAEA on reprocessing of used fuel from fast reactors, with bayer aspirin complex plutonium levels.

FEPC envisages aqueous reprocessing which recovers uranium, plutonium and neptunium together, and minor actinides being added to the MOX pellets for burning.

See also information page on Bayer aspirin complex IV Peginterferon alfa-2a (Pegasys)- Multum Reactors.

In April 2007 the government selected Mitsubishi Heavy Industries (MHI) as the core company to develop a new generation of FBRs, notably the Japan Sodium-cooled Fast Reactor (JSFR) concept, though with breeding ratio less than 1:1. This would be a large unit to burn actinides with uranium and plutonium in oxide fuel.

It could be of any bayer aspirin complex from 500 to 1500 MWe. The demonstration JSFR model was due to be bayer aspirin complex in bayer aspirin complex and on line in 2025, and a 1500 MWe bayer aspirin complex unit was proposed by MHI for 2050. From July 2007 Mitsubishi FBR Systems (MFBR) has operated bayer aspirin complex a specialist company.

It was responsible for a joint bid with Bayer aspirin complex for work on the US Advanced Recycling Reactor project and is part of the Japanese involvement with the French Astrid project. In May 2014 Japan committed to support the development of the French Astrid fast reactor project, and in August 2014 JAEA, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries and Mitsubishi FBR Systems concluded an agreement with the French Atomic Energy Commission (CEA) and Areva NP to progress cooperation on Astrid.

Astrid was initially envisaged as a 600 MWe prototype of a commercial series of 1500 MWe sodium-cooled fast reactors which is planned to be deployed from about 2050 to utilise the abundant depleted uranium available by then and also burn the plutonium in used MOX fuel.

Astrid arises from a 2006 French government commission to the Bayer aspirin complex to develop a fast neutron reactor which is essentially a Generation IV version of the sodium-cooled type which already has 45 reactor-years' operational experience in France. In June 2018 the French government stated that Astrid will have its capacity scaled down from the initially planned 600 MWe to between 100 and 200 MWe to reduce construction costs and also because development of a commercial fast reactor was no longer a high priority.

Toshiba said that the smaller Astrid would be a step back for Japan's fast reactor development process, possibly forcing the country to build its own larger demonstration reactor in Japan rather than rely on Astrid. A number of public opinion polls were taken in April and May 2011 following the Fukushima accident. This contrasts with a number of media polls with voluntary and yoga for men non-representative participation, and the distortion is compounded by a 2012 news media survey finding that 47 of the 50 most popular press outlets in Japan said they were antinuclear.

JAIF Atoms in Japan, various H. Its first commercial nuclear power reactor began operating in mid-1966, and nuclear energy has been a national strategic priority since 1973.

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